Transnistria’s military says it has seen drone planes on April 27 and shots fired by an unidentified person. Two radio towers that broadcast in Russian were destroyed in the attack. No one has claimed responsibility for this attack. On the other hand, Ukraine has alleged that Ukraine has alleged that these explosions have been carried out by Russia in order to make an excuse for the infiltration of Russian forces in Transnistria. Also, it can be used as a military platform to attack Ukraine. Let us understand what this whole matter is and why Transnistria is the target of Russia…
Know what is Transnistria
Transnistria is officially called as the Prednstrovian Moldovan Republic. It is a narrow piece of land between Moldova and Ukraine. About 5 lakh people live here. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, it is an unrecognized country that broke away from Moldova. The government of Transnistria is virtually independent, but other countries and the United Nations recognize it as part of Moldova. Although Russia has not yet recognized Transnistria as a separate country, it has gained independence on the strength of military help from Putin.
Russian troops are present in Transnistria. Transnistria has had very close ties with Russia. Most of the people living in this area are Russian speakers. The government here is run by pro-Russian separatists. Russia provides free gas to the people of Transnistria and also pensions the elderly. About 1500 Russian troops are stationed in Transnistria. Of these, only 50 to 100 soldiers are originally from Russia. The rest of the soldiers are people from Transnistria who have been given Russian passports. The army of Transnistria consists of 4500 to 7500 soldiers. Russian military commander Rustam Minnekiev said on April 22 that Russia wanted to build a land corridor from southern Ukraine to Transnistria.
Why is Russia eyeing Transnistria?
Russia wants to retain Moldova, which has been part of the Soviet Union for a long time, as a territory of its political dominance. Moldova is located in the middle of the European Union and shares its border with Romania and Ukraine. Russian troops stationed in Transnistria could threaten Moldova and limit the desire for alliances with the West. Moldova applied to become a member of the European Union in March 2022. Moldova is unable to defend its own border because of the presence of the Russian army.
Moldova cannot join the European Union without border controls. On the other hand, international experts say that the presence of Russian military in Transnistria is worrying that Putin’s army may attack. Unlike Ukraine, Moldova’s army is very weak and smaller than the army of Transnistria. Moldova has only 6 thousand soldiers and cannot respond to Russian attack. Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe with a population of 3.5 million. Moldova is 100% dependent on Russian gas. On the other hand, Transnistria is an ideal place to attack Ukraine.