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India will get old in 30 years, population will decrease by 47 crores by the end of the century!

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In most countries of the world, the pace of population growth will start decreasing by 2035. In most countries the fertility rate is below the replacement level. Talking about India, by 2050, the number of old people in India’s population will increase and by the end of the century the population will decrease. Atul Thakur has analyzed the UN World Population Prospects for our partner newspaper The Times of India, in which this picture is clear.

World population will be at peak in next 30 years

According to the United Nations estimates, the world population will reach its peak around 2054. At that time the world population will reach 8.9 billion. However, many experts believe that the peak of the population may come even before 2054. However, the world population will begin to decline in the latter half of this century.

India is still young

At present India is a young country. More than half of the country’s total population is under 40. The country had the highest number of people in the age group of 10 to 14 in 2020.

India will be old by 2050

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By 2050, the population of India will start getting old. The population will have the highest number of people above 40 years of age. By that time, the age group of 40-44 will be the highest in India.

By 2100, the number of elderly people in the population will be more

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By the end of the current century, the total population of India will decrease by about a third compared to today. At that time, the highest number in the country would be those who would be from 60 years to 64 age group.

The country’s population will decrease by 34% by the end of the century

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By the end of the current century, there will be a dramatic decline in the population of countries like India, China and Japan. By 2100, Japan’s population will decline by almost 60 percent. China’s population will also see a decline of more than 50%. Talking about India, by 2100, the population of the country will decrease by 34 percent. According to the UN, India’s population was 138 crore in 2020, which will decrease to 91 crore in 2100. By the end of the century, the population of India will decrease to 47 crores compared to today.

Population will decrease but people’s age will increase

By the end of the century, the world population may be less than it is today, but people will live longer. Life expectancy will reach more than 80 years by 2100. Currently, the global life expectancy is 73 years, which will increase to 81.7 years by 2100. This means that people will live 20 more years after retirement by the end of the century. Because of this, governments can raise the retirement age above 60 years so that people can work for a long time.

Pakistan, Tanzania, Nigeria … population of many countries will increase

It is not that the population of every country in the world will shrink by the end of the century. There will be many countries whose population will increase. The population of Tanzania will be about two and a half times that of today. At present its population is 6 crores but by 2100 its population will be 205 crores. By 2100, the population of the Congo will almost double than it is today. The population of Pakistan will also increase from 220 million to 260 million. Nigeria’s population will increase from 210 million to 53 million by 2021.

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