Classic Maya Collapse: What was the reason for the decline of the Maya civilization? Know why scientists rejected the theory of drought

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Highlights

  • Questions arose again on the reasons for the decline of the ancient Maya civilization
  • Claims in new research – those people had many ways to eat even in drought
  • It was told earlier that the decline of Maya civilization was due to drought.

Washington
Ancient Maya civilization Scientists have rejected the drought theory about the fall of. It was previously claimed that the destruction of food sources due to drought in Central America started the decline of the Maya civilization. Now scientists have analyzed the diet of the Maya civilization and found that they had more than 50 such plants that could be eaten at that time. In the ninth century, these plants were able to survive in spite of several years of continuous drought.

The Maya civilization originated around 2600 BC. This civilization flourished in Central America for about 3000 years and reached its peak between AD 250 and 900. The people of the Maya civilization had the only fully developed written language of pre-Columbian America. These people were also rich in highly advanced art and architecture as well as mathematical and astronomical systems.

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Question on the old theory that led to the decline of the Maya civilization
Now a new study is raising questions about the theory that the Maya civilization ended due to drought. However, even new researchers do not know what was the reason for the extinction of this civilization. The new study was carried out by University of California archaeologist Scott L. Fedic and plant physiologist Luis S. Santiago. They claim that even if parts of the Maya civilization were affected by extreme drought, many plant species would have survived.

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The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found plant species most susceptible to drought could have been transported from less affected areas across the vast Maya kingdom. The region extended from central Mexico to Honduras, Guatemala and northern El Salvador. It is estimated that the total population of these people during the height of Maya civilization was 10 million.

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56 species were still present
Santiago said that even in the most extreme drought conditions, 56 species of edible plants were present. We also have no evidence of extreme drought at that time. There is no doubt that at the end of the ninth century, southeastern Mexico and the Yucatan Peninsula of northern Central America experienced many years of drought. Some scholars believe that the drought resulted in starvation and the end of civilization.

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